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St.Petersburg information scetch

Due to the city's northern position it enjoys the phenomenon of the 'white nights', lasting from May 25-26 till July 16-17. July 22, the Solstice Day is the longest day (18 hours 53 minutes); the shortest day is December 22 (5 hours 52 minutes).

The climate is humid, close to maritime, with a moderately warm summer and a rather long moderately cold winter. The average winter temperature is -8C, the average summer temperature is +17.8C. In dry hot) weather the temperature may rise to +25C - +30С. The temperature may seriously drop in winter, reaching -25C - -30C. Precipitation reaches 550-600 mm per year.

The Neva River is the city's main waterway The name of the river derives from the ancient name of Lake Ladoga, the Neva where it begins. The Neva is 74 kilometers long, flowing 32 kilometers within the city boundaries. The average width of the Neva within the city is 600 meters, depth - up to 24 meters.

In the delta, the Neva splits into three main branches: the Bolshaya Neva, the Malaya Neva and the Bolshaya Nevka.

St. Petersburg is situated in the North-West of Russia in the Neva River delta on the Eastern coast of the Gulf of Finland and occupies, together with the administratively subordinated territories, the terri-tory of 1439 square kilometres. The city is located on 44 islands formed by the Neva River and 90 more rivers and canals.

Neighbouring countries: Sweden, Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Ger-many, Denmark (The Baltic Sea Region).

The neighbouring Russian n regions: Leningrad Oblast, Novgorod Oblast, Vologda Oblast, Pskov Oblast, Kaliningrad Oblast and Republic of Karelia.

Distance to the nearest cities: Helsinki - 383 km, Stockholm - about 700 km.

The city is advantageously located at the sea routes and on land roads (12 radii of railroads and 11 highways). This is the European gateway gate-way of Russia, it's a strategic centre which is closest to the European Union countries of Russia, it's a strategic centre which is closest to the Euro-pean Union countries.


4.70 min inhabitants as of 01.01.2000 (which makes approximately 3% of the Russian population).
2.8 min people of labour force.
Birth rate in 1999 - 6.2 per 1000 inhabitants.
Death rate in 1999 -15.4 per 1000 inhabitants.
Gender distribution as of 01.01.99: men - 45.1%; women - 54.9%.
Registered pensioners as of 01.01.2000 -1250.4 thousand.
Unemployment rate - 0.9% (official data).

Since 1996 the unemployment level reduced twice. At present it makes 0,9% from the amount of the active population, which is twice lower than the average ratio in Russia.

St. Petersburg is one of the three out of the 89 regions of Russia where the unemployment allowance has been paid off duly and in the full scope.

In 1999 the number of vacancies announced by employers increased by 2,5 times. This shows the general tendency towards the improvement of the social-economical situation in St. Petersburg, the revival of the financial system and the development of the real sector of the economy in the region.

According to the participants of the market and the recruiting agencies, the regular salary of the office employees in St. Petersburg makes at present 150-200 USD, of the middle-level managers and high-level specialists - 200-500 USD, of the top managers and top-level specialists - up to 3,000 USD.


As of 1 November 1996, 330 religious associations were regestred in the city, 238 of which are traditional.

Above-ground transportation 

Operates from 6.00 to 24.00. Fare is collected through the sale of special tickets. ne ticket (for a single one-way trip) costs 
RUR 7.00, it can be obtained right in the vehicle from conductors.

Charter taxies (buses, mini-buses) circulate along all main routes - as a rule, 7.00 - 22.00. Fare is RUR 6.00 - 20.00.

The Metro System

In St.Petersburg, 558 underground stations form 4 lines. The Metro operates from 5.45 to 24.00. Line transfers stop at 0.10. The fare is RUR 10.00, paid by special tokens (which may be also used for local calls on some city's pay-phones) / by magnetic cards available at all Metro stations.
METRO MAP: download (GIF, 30,9Kb)


Taxies can be recognized by the checkered stripes and the letter "T" on the car door, or the highlighted sign "Taxi" on the roof.
The fare: up to RUR 20.00 for picking up, RUR 10.00 per kilometer.
The larger hotels maintain their own fleets of cabs for their clients, but they charge a considerably higher fare.
Although many taxi-parks have their own taxi-order services, taxies may be also ordered via the centralized taxi-order service, 
tel. 312-0022, 24 hours a day.


Usually, from April till November the largest bridges in St.Petersburg are to be unspanned approx. within 0.30-6.00 A.M. interval. 
For detailed information: paid service phone 063, 8.00-22.00.
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