Russia is a country of a great history containing splendid achievements as well as different dramatic times. The history of Russian State dates back to the eighth century, when several Slav tribes had been joined in united state called "Kievskaya Rus". In 988 Slavic people were converted to Christianity by Tsar Vladimir. The tenth and eleventh centuries are the golden age of "Kievskaya Rus". At the middle of 13th century, the area was conquered by the Mongols who dominated for 200 years. At the same tune instead of the "Kievskaya Rus" remains new state centred around Moscow have been springing up. In 1386, the Russians defeated the Mongols in a battle on the Kulikovo Pole and regain the sovereignty. Ivan the Terrible (1533 -1584) was the first Russian ruler actually crowned as a Tsar of Russia. He expanded the Russia's territory, as did Peter the Great (1682 -1725) and Catherine the Great (1762 - 1796). The empire reached from Warsaw in the west to Alaska in the east. In 1812, Russian troops defeated France's Napoleon and took its place as one of the most powerful states in Europe. After the l917 revolt led by Bolshevik Party Russia was entered into the socialism. A civil war between Bolshevik Red Army and the White Army lasted until 1921, with Bolshevik victory. In 1922, the Bolsheviks formed the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). New political system's features were banning all other political parties, absence basic civil rights such as freedom of speech, freedom of religion, etc. In economy there were planning system of producing and distribution. In 1986 new Soviet leader Gorbachev startled "perestroika", but many his reforms failed. In the end of 1991 there was disintegration of the Soviet Union. Russia became an independent country and moved to introduce democratic and free-market reforms.It was the only first step in the direction of democratic changes made by our country but it ended in failure because of Russian monarch who didn't want to share his power. Last and the most important event at the present Russian history is the transition from socialism to democracy in 1991.
"May be, the only thing that was a little bit problematic, was this: I have to admit, that it was (and still is) difficult to find true and complex information about Russia for a foreigner before going there. Most of information a foreigner can get at his home is different from reality. For me the traineeship was a great experience, not only concerning the job, but cultural as well. Russia is a wonderful country. I had a chance to travel there a little bit after finishing my job. Besides Saratov I visited Moscow, Volgograd, Elista, Astrakhan, Caucasus : Great sights and beautiful nature, I must say. Cultural events there were very good indeed. Opera, ballet, theatre : In the end I would like to mention a very friendly attitude of Russian people towards foreigners. All I can do is to recommend going for a traineeship to Russia, not only because of getting interesting and valuable working experience, but because of beauty of the country as well."