According to the Constitution of the Russian Federation adopted on December 12, 1993, "Russia is a democratic federal legal state with republican form of governing". State power is divided between the President, the Federal Assembly, the government, and the courts.The Constitution enshrines a multi-party system, freedom of economic activity and the right to own private property. It also states that the legislative, executive and judicial authorities are independent.
The role of the President is to determine the main trends in internal and foreign policy. As head of state, he or she represents Russia both at home and abroad. The President is subject to election every four years and may serve a maximum of two terms in office. The President appoints and nominates various public figures, including the Prime Minister, and has the right to issue decrees which are legally binding as long as they do not contradict Federal Laws.
Subordinate to the President is the Chairman of the Government (the Prime Minister) nominated by the President and approved by Parliament. Members of the Government - the chairman's deputies and the federal ministers - are selected by the Prime Minister.
The Federal Assembly (Parliament) is bicameral consisting of the Federation Council and the State Duma. The upper chamber, the Federation Council, is elected on a territorial basis to ensure the representation of the smaller national groups. The Federal Assembly forms committees and commissions to resolve issues and is empowered to pass laws.
Russia is territorially divided into republics, territories, regions, the cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg, the Jewish autonomous region and autonomous districts. Russia's constituent republics were created on broadly ethnic lines. They have their own constitutions, parliaments and governments and are empowered to pass their own laws so far as they do not contradict Russian Law. The other territorial structures may pass their own charters and other legislative acts.In all cases, these territorial structures are responsible for administrative matters within their territories: setting local taxes, maintaining public order and legal affairs. The trend in recent years has been to grant greater powers of government to these administrative units and reduce central government interference in local government.
At present Russia has a federal system with 18 states. Now the president of Russia is Vladimir Putin.Russia has been always played an important part in the life of the world community. And it's a country, which is treated, with great respect by its neighbours. Moreover, in January 1996 Russia was adopted as a member of The Europe Council.
Lucas, United States: "I came here to work for a Russian company, and by doing so I hoped to learn a little about how to be professional in a foreign environment. I come from a country with a very developed corporate culture. On average professionalism is admired and is only forgotten on special occasions, like "Casual Fridays" and office parties. Working in Russia is not as complicated. Work is a place of friends, as much as it is a place of business. There are no "Casual Fridays". Mostly because there is no point in creating a relaxed environment, in a place where most people are already friends. There is also no point in telling people what sort of clothes they are allowed to wear in the office. Russians like to dress up. You wear nice clothes when you go downtown and when you go anywhere people might see you. Dressing for the office in casual clothes is simply unthinkable. The cultural rules people live by are usually acquired and adheard to subcon-consiously, but in another country they become a conscious act. Going on a trainee-ship abroad has taught me more than simple language and professionalism goals. It has made me into a more adaptable and tolerant person. I have learned all about the little, discrete rules people in Russia live by and have found myself fully integrated into another culture. I will never forget the person I was before I came here, or the country that made me, but I have been forever changed for the best. I now know that I can play by anyone's rules and survive in any environment."