Saint Petersburg Online        
  Basic information about Russian FederationTake a look at the general information about our great city!This information will help you in your every-day life in such specific country like Russia!Here you will find basic information about AIESEC Local Committee which is going to host you!   
   
   
Basic Information about St.PetersburgHistory of St.PetersburgPlaces of InterestRecommended links about St.Petersburg

Bridges - Museums- Palaces - Parks- Streets - Suburbs


Bridges

Saint Petersburg is known as the City of Bridges. There is no wonder, because the city is situated on more then 45 islands. Saint Petersburg wins the leading position in Russia in the quantity of bridges. Nowadays it is more than 340 (even not taking into consideration those having local industrial and transport functions). Across the Neva River there are 10 bridges, across the Griboedov canal - 26, 15 of them stretch across Moika and Fontanka rivers.
A curious fact: during the reign of Peter the Great, the founder of Saint Petersburg, there were hardly 10 bridges being constructed. The reason is the desire of the emperor to make the city the Venice of the North where everybody would move from place to place in boats. And in winter when the frost covers all waters ice sledges would be used. But after the death of Peter the Great people have chosen much easier ways of shifting and numerous bridges have appeared.
The widest bridge in the city is the Blue bridge (about 100 m wide) and the longest stretches across the Neva River for 1000 m and is called after the saint patron of Saint Petersburg - saint Alexander Nevsky.
There are 'coloured' bridges in Saint Petersburg: the Red, the Blue, the Green and the Yellow bridges. They all cross the Moika river. These names have not an accidental origin. When the bridges have been just constructed, they were made of wood and their handrails were painted in a certain color. Later wood was replaced by metal, but original names of the past are still kept.
Here you can find English, Italian and Egypt bridges; bridges decorated with towers, lions, horses and even magic animals - griffins; there are Post, Theatre, and even Kissing bridge. The name derives from the times when a border of the city was along the Moika River. The legend tells that lovers met there to hide from everybody. Today this bridge is in the very heart of the city, so its' romantic role doesn't work any more.
Of course the most amazing fact about the Saint Petersburg bridges is that all the bridges across the Neva River are 'opening' ones. It means that at night they are lifted to let the big steamers and ships pass through the delta of the river into Ladoga Lake. That is the picture of majestic beauty, especially during the famous period of Wight Nights from May till July, when nights are as light as daytime and there is a wonderful feeling of magic all around the city.
Bridges in Saint Petersburg are lifted according to the following curricular:
Leytenanta Shmidta 1.55 a.m. - 2.55 a.m. 3.15 a.m. - 4.50 a.m.
Liteynyy 2.10 a.m. - 4.40 a.m.
Troitskiy 2.00 a.m. - 4.40 a.m.
Dvortsovy 1.55 a.m. - 3.05 a.m. 3.15 a.m. - 4.45 a.m.
Bolsheokhtinskiy 12.30 a.m.- 4.45 a.m.
Volodarskiy 2.05 a.m. - 3.45 a.m. 4.30 a.m. - 5.45 a.m.
Alexandra Nevskogo 2.35 a.m. - 4.50 a.m.
Sampsonievskiy 2.10 a.m. - 2.45 a.m. 3.20 a.m. - 4.45 a.m.
Birzhevoy 2.25 a.m. - 3.20 a.m. 3.40 a.m. - 4.40 a.m.
Tuchkov 2.20 a.m. - 3.10 a.m. 3.40 a.m. - 4.40 a.m.
You can ask an operator for additional information about the lifting of the bridges calling the tel.: 168 57 03
Bridges - Museums- Palaces - Parks- Streets - Suburbs


Museums

The main things you should know about museums in Saint Petersburg are: there are a lot of different interesting museums, but they are sometimes quite expensive for foreigners. So, our advise for you is try to buy tickets for Russians, which are really cheap. Here you will probably need help from Russian AIESECers - don't hesitate to ask them! Another quite important advise to take your ISIC card with you. If you don't have it - receive it! Because with this card (and unfortunately ONLY with it) you can get discounts or even tickets for free (e.g. in the Hermitage).

The State Hermitage:
The State Hermitage is one of the world biggest art and culture museums. Founded in 1764, the Hermitage comprises eight departments: the Primitive Culture, the Culture of Antiquity, the Culture of the East, the History of Russian Culture, the Numismatics, the west European Culture, The Department od sciense and Education, and the restoration Department. There are over 350 halls in Hermitage. The museum keeps 15 thousand paintings, 12 thousand sculptures, 600 thousand drawings, over 600 thousand monuments of archeology, over one million coins and medals, and4224 thousand items of applied arts.
Empress Catherine II initiated the collection of the Hermitage. In the end of the 19th century the museum was opened to public. Paintings of such great masters as Leonard da Vinci, Titian, Raphael, Rembrandt, Poussain, Manet, renoir are in the ownership of the Hermitage. The Hermitage is famous through its collection of Scythian golden articles.
address: Dvortsovaya Nab., 32-38
tel. 311 3465
open: 10.30 a.m. to 6 p.m.
closed: Monday

The State Russian Museum (The Mikhailovsky palace, and the Benoir building):

Established in 1895 as the center of art and history. The museum was opened in 1898 and named after his founder "The Emperor Museum of the Russian Art named aftyer Alexander III". From 1917 it is called "The Russian Museum". The museum owns the Russia biggest collection of paintings, sculptures, drawings, items of applied and folk arts. The exhibitions show ancient icons and the collections of items of the 18th - 20th centuries.
address: Inzhenernaya ul., 4
tel. 219 1615
open: 10 a.m. to 6 p.m.
closed: Tuesday

Museum of the History of Saint Petersburg:

The Peter-and Paul-Fortress
Formed in 1918 as a museum of the city. The museum holds about 840 thousand items, a unique collection of the maps of the St. Petersburg, genuine drawings of famous architects, household articles of the 18th - 20th centuries. The exhibitions show the life of various strata of people in St. Petersburg. The excursion route includes visits to the Peter and Paul cathedral, the Grand Dukes Burial-vault, the Prison of Trubetskoy Bastion, the exhibitions of the engineer House, the House of the Superintendant, and the Boat House.
address: Peter-and-Paul Fortress, 2
tel. 238 4511
open: 11 a.m. to 6 p.m.
closed: Wednesday

The Russian Museum of Ethnographyaddress: Inzhenernaya ul., 4/1
tel. 219 1710, 219 1705
open: 10 a.m. to 16 p.m.
closed: Sunday, Monday

Museum "Cruiser Aurora":It was founded in 1897 and launched in 1900. It is named after the Aurora frigate that defended Petropavlovsk on Kamchatka during the War 0f 1853-56. The cruiser participated in the Tsusima battle. From November 17 1948 the cruiser became the monument of the October revolution. It is located near Petrogradskaya Embankment of the Bolshaya Nevka River. From 1957 it is an affiliate of the Navy museum. address: Petrovskaya Nab., 3
tel. 230 8440
open: 11 a.p. to 4 p.m.
closed: Monday, Tuesday

Arctic and Antarctic Museum:
address: Ul. Marata, 24a
tel. 311 2549
open: 10 a.m. to 6 p.m.
closed: Monday, Tuesday

The Museum of Ethnography of Russia:
Established in 1901 as an ethnography department of the Russian Museum (opened in 1923). The main collection (over 260 thousand articles and 140 thousand photographs) comprises the otems related to the culture and life of nations of the former USSR, as well as to modern folk art.
address: Inzhenernaya ul., 4a
tel. 218 1412, 218 0712
open: 11 a.m. to 4.30 p.m.
closed: Thursday

The Museum of Zoology:
The museum was created in 1832 on the basic of the collection of Kunstkamera. It holds the exhibits of over 15 milion types of anymals. The Museum of Zoology of St. Petersburg is one of the world biggest museums of this kind.
address: Universitetskaya Nab., 1
tel. 218 0112
open: 11 a.m. to 6 p.m.
closed: Friday

The Museum of M. V. Lomonosov
Established in 1947. The museum was opened in 1949 in the building of Kuntzkamera. The museum shows the exhibition "Lomonosov and the russian astronomy of the 18th century". You can see here the personal effects of Lomonosov, scientific devices, scientific and literature works of the scientist, as well as the samples of materials for mosaic pictures that were created under his guidance. The decor and the atmosphere of the conference hall of the Academy of Science of the 18th century was reconstructed.
address: Universitetskaya Nab., 3
tel. 238 4550
open: 11 a.m. to 6 p.m.
closed: Thursday

The Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography / Kunstkamera (named after Peter the Great):
The museum was established in 1879. It holds over 1 million articles (about 300 thousands items of ethnography, about 500 thousand items of archeology, and about 200 thousand items of anthropology). Man yexhibits are quite unique.
address: Universitetskaya Nab., 3
tel. 218 1412
open: 11 a.m. to 4.30 p.m.
closed: Thursday

Museum of Bread:
address: Ligovsky Pr., 73
tel. 164 1110
open: 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.
closed: Sunday, Monday

The Museum of Musical Instruments:
It's one of the world biggest collections of musical instruments that was created in 1902. Here you can see instruments that belonged to the great masters.
address: Isaakievskaya Pl., 5
tel. 314 5355
open: 12 a.m. to 6 p.m.
closed: Monday, Tuesday

Museum of the History of Religion (the Kazan Cathedral):
address: Kasanskaya Pl., 2
tel. 312 3586
open: 11 a.m. to 5 p.m.
closed: Wednesday

Museum of Theatrical and Musical Art:
It is one of the biggest museums of theater. Established in Petrograd in 1918, the museum keeps the collection of portraits and documents of the Alexandra Theater. The exhibited and stored items elucidate the history of Russian and West European Theatres of the 18th - 19th centuries. There are over 400 thousand unique exhibits in the museum.
address: Pl. Ostrovskogo, 6a
tel. 310 1029, 315 5243
open: 11 a.m. to 6 p.m.
closed: Monday, Tuesday

The Central Naval Museum:
One of the world biggest navy museums, that was established in 1709. The museum exhibits the items related to the history of Russian Fleet, and the traditions of Russian sailors. The museum stores over 800 thousand ship models, over 3,500 banners, over one thousand items of arms, weapons, and military facilities, about 2 thousand paintings. The boat of Peter the Great is the unique exhibit of the museum.
adddres: Birzhevaya pl., 4
tel.: 218 2502
open: 10.30 a.m. to 17.45 p.m
closed: Monday, Tuesday

The Museum of the Political History of Russia:
(The house of M. Kseshinskaya)
The museum exhibits documents, works of art, and articles related to the events of the political history of Russia of the 19th - 20th centuries. The museum is known by the permament exhibition of wax statues of famous politicians. There is also a separate memorial exhibition located in the personal rooms of M. Kseshinskaya, which is dedicated to the creative life of the world famous ballerina.
address: ul. Kuibysheva, 4
tel. 233 7052, 233 7048
open: 10 a.m. to 6 p.m.
closed: Sunday, Saturday

Peter the Great's House:
Construcred in 1703. From 1918 the goverbment protects it. The museum exhibits the items related to Victory of Russia in the Northern war of 1700-1721, as well as the items about the foundation of St. Petersburg. The interiors show the household items of the 18th century, and objects that belonged to Peter the Great.
address: Petrovskaya Nab.
tel. 232 4576
open: 10 a.m. to 4.30 p.m.
closed: Tuesday

Science Museum, Botanical Museum:
address: Ul. Prof. Popova, 2
tel. 234 8470
open: 10 a.m. to 3 p.m.

Bridges - Museums- Palaces - Parks- Streets - Suburbs


Palaces

There are a lot of different beautiful large and little palaces in Saint Petersburg. Below you can read info about some of them.

Summer Palace of Peter I:
It is one of the first stone buildings in St. Petersburg constructed in 1710-14 to the designs of the architect D. Tresini. The palace preserved the original decor and the interiors. The exhibits include items that belonged to Peter the Great, Catherine I, items of carved wood and glass, expensive fabrics, trellises, and paintings of the 18th century.
address: Summer Garden
tel. 314 0374
open:11 a.m. to 6 p.m.
closed: Tuesday

The Stroganov Palace

It is a luxuios palace created by Rastrelli, which became an affiliate of the Russian museum. It is used as a depositary and the exhibition hall.
address: nevskiy pr., 17
tel. 311-8238
open:10 a.m. to 5 p.m.

Beloselsky-Belozersky Palace
One of the city's most photographed relics of former glories lies at the eastern end of Nevsky prospekt: the Beloselsky-Belozersky Palace. The building is easily recognised by its dark-red stucco and row of weight-bearing musclemen sporting crumpled nappies. It's easy to understand why the building was utilised by the local branch of the Communist Party until 1991.
Bridges - Museums- Palaces - Parks- Streets - Suburbs


Parks

The quantity of parks in Saint Petersburg is less than the quantity of any other places of interest, but their history and beauty is really remarkable. Though all the parks are perfect places to relax from usual city noise they can be divided into two main groups: historical parks for sightseeing and modern parks for sport or picnic relaxation.
The most famous park (or to be more exact - the garden) is the Summer Garden. It is situated on the island formed by the Neva and Fontanka rivers. The garden is known as an open-air museum because its alleys are decorated with copies of unique antic sculptures the originals of which can be partly seen in the Hermitage. The Summer Garden is the oldest one in Saint-Petersburg: it was created according to the order of Peter the Great who desired to have a garden resembling the famous surroundings of Versal Palace in France. Till nowadays visitors can see the trees that grow in the Garden since the beginning of the 18 century and get acquainted with the Summer Palace of the Saint-Petersburg founder which keeps the atmosphere of Peter the Great's life style.
Another wonderful park in the center of the city is the park near the Admiralty which leads to the St. Isaac's cathedral and the sculpture of the Bronze Horseman. Here you can enjoy the beautiful sights of the city center sitting on a bench with in a company of good friends. During summer time you can also listen to the sound of the falling water coming from a nice fountain. This is not an ordinary fountain - at 7 p.m. it starts playing the classic melodies of the most prominent composers.
If you prefer exotic greenery you are welcome in a Botanic Garden at Professor Popov Street,2. It contains a vast collection of trees and flowers that were brought from all over the world. The peculiarity of this garden is that it is not an outdoor one. So even in winter visitors can enjoy the wild greenery. To get the information about the working schedule you can consult the assistance at the tel. 234-17-64.
For sport and picnic relax you can go to the Central Park of Culture and Relaxation. Here you can play outdoor tennis and volleyball, basketball and even paintball. You can rent a boat, a catamaran or a horse. There is a vast number of opportunities in this park to satisfy the demands of almost everybody who wants to spend good time in the open air. The park is situated on the Elagin island and the nearest metro station is the Staraya Derevnya station.
Saint-Petersburg has the second largest Zoo in Russia which has a broad collection of various birds, animals, snakes and fish. So if you find it interesting you can visit it any day making a 5 minutes walk from the Gorkovskaya metro station.
Bridges - Museums- Palaces - Parks- Streets - Suburbs


Streets

Nevsky Prospect

St Petersburg's `Champs Elysees' is the famous Nevsky prospekt, which runs west from the Admiralty 4km (2mi) to the Alexandr Nevsky Monastery on the banks of the Neva. It's lined with fine buildings and thronged with people - a good place to feel the city's pulse, particularly during the midsummer White Nights. The list of former residents who lived on and around the famous thoroughfare reads like a veritable Who's Who: Gogol, Tchaikovsky, Turgenev, Nijinsky, Rimsky-Korsakov and Dostoevsky. While strolling, don't forget to look up and around at the wealth of architectural details. Sights you'll pass include the many-columned Kazan Cathedral (home to the Museum of Religion), the Art Nouveau former premises of the Singer sewing-machine company (now a bookshop), the arcaded Gostiny Dvor department store and the huge square dominated by the statue of Catherine the Great surrounded by her numerous lovers. Many of the shops are worth browsing for their interiors alone. They range from 19th-century palaces of merchandise to amazingly opulent Art Nouveau and Art Deco extravaganzas.

Bridges - Museums- Palaces - Parks- Streets - Suburbs


Suburbs

Sometimes Saint Petersburg is compared to a precious stone: it's very beautiful, but real value can be seen only when it is set in a proper mounting. Suburbs of Saint Petersburg play the role of such a mounting for the city. Peterhof, Pushkin, Gatchina, Strelna, Oranienbaum, Pavlovsk: Each of them nowadays is a rather large city with the population of about 100000 people. Some of them are even included as regions of the growing Saint-Petersburg - for example, Peterhof and Strelna. But earlier in 18 and 19 century they played roles of different kind. Some were sanctuaries of disgraced grand dukes and hares of the Russian throne. Others served as official residences of the emperors and empresses. And all of them were places where Saint-Petersburg citizens spent summers because in the past it was the period when all reconstruction works in the city have been carried out. So because of dust and noise it became impossible to relax.
It will take you not more than 90 minutes to get to any suburb you want from the central railway stations. So you can easily go there and enjoy the quiet beauty of nature and unique fascination of wonderful architecture.

Peterhof (Petrodvorets)
Most European rulers had at least one Versailles, and Peter the Great was no exception. He built a series of palaces on a beautiful site 30km (20mi) west of Saint Petersburg, the combined ensemble known as Petrodvorets. This legacy of tsarist overindulgence was virtually destroyed by the occupying Germans in WW II, and what you see today is a faithful reconstruction that stands as a symbol of the nation's postwar recovery.
Fountains play a very large part in explaining Petrodvorets' impressive charm. The Grand Cascade & Water Avenue is a symphony of fountains and canals partly engineered by Peter himself. Petrodvorets' other components include the Grand Palace, enlarged by Rastrelli for Empress Elizabeth and later remodelled by Catherine the Great. The pendulous chandeliers and paintings are originals; fortunately they were removed before the Germans arrived. Peter's original villa, Monplaisir, has bright and airy galleries facing the sea - it's easy to see why it was his favourite place to doss. The gardens are dotted with the ubiquitous fountains, charming pavilions and summer houses, including the ultimate in private dining rooms, the self-contained and moated Hermitage.
Palaces and Parks of Petrodvoretz
tel. 420 0073
open: 10.00 a.m. - 5.00 p.m.
closed: Grand Palace - Monday; Mon Plaisir, Hermitage and Benois Family Museum - Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday; Cottage - Friday

Pushkin/Tsarskoe Selo
Evocative of the rosy days and the grey days of the Romanovs, the summer palaces at Tsarskoe Selo (renamed Pushkin in 1937 to commemorate the centenary of his death) were created for Empress Elizabeth and Catherine the Great. They lie 25km (15mi) south of St Petersburg. The baroque Catherine Palace was left in ruins by the Germans at the end of WW II but today is a masterpiece of restoration. The facade features golden domes and blue and white detailing, while the interior positively gleams and glitters with mirrors, chandeliers and tumescent cherubs. Don't miss the Faberge exhibition. Just north of the Catherine Palace is the lemon-coloured Alexander Palace. Favourite haunt of Nicholas and Alexandra, it ironically became their prison when they were put under house arrest before being shunted off to Yekaterinburg. It's the least touristed palace, so in some ways the most pleasant, and now open after an eons-long renovation.
Palaces and Parks of Pushkin:
tel. 465 5308
open: 10.00 a.m. - 5.00 p.m.
closed: Tuesday

Palace and Park of Gatshina:
tel. (271) 229 06
open: 11.00 a.m. - 5.30 p.m.
closed: Monday

Palaces and Parks of Lomonosov:
tel. 422 3756 (Palace of Peter 3)
open: 11.00 a.m. - 5.00 p.m.
closed: Tuesday

Palace and Park of Pavlovsk:
tel. 470 3756, 470 2155
open: 10.30 a.m. - 5.00 p.m.
closed: Friday
Bridges - Museums- Palaces - Parks- Streets - Suburbs

 
   Copyright © 2005-2015 AIESEC SPUEF